Segundo as conclusões deste estudo de 2017 cuja amostra são as escolas públicas brasileiras:
Based on the theoretical propositions and the empirical evidence, educational policies in Brazil should pay special attention to the managerial aspects of school units. In this study, the prominent role of school managers in developing organizational structures to support teaching and learning can be observed in the positive correlation between the level of proficiency in the school’s mathematics and the IME, particularly in schools with the worst levels of proficiency. Therefore, it is extremely important to adapt the existing signaling mechanisms – fluid educational goals instead of goals designed by information at the starting point on proficiency level and a shorter delay in data collection on educational performance, among other things – or to create new mechanisms that act to reduce problems such as moral hazard.
Ah sim, outro resultado interessante é que um diretor de escola, ao atingir a meta de desempenho estabelecida, passa a apresentar esforço marginal decrescente. Nada que não se esperasse…
Muito interessante este artigo:
Incentives, Solidarity, and the Division of Labor
MICHAEL T. RAUH
Indiana University Bloomington – Kelley School of Business August 2007
In this paper, we consider a version of the Holmstrom-Milgrom linear model with two tasks, production and administration, where performance is harder to measure in the latter. Both the principal and agent can devote effort to these tasks. We assume there are gains from specialization and that players have a preference for solidarity in work. As the gains from specialization increase, the principal eventually prefers to hire the agent solely for production purposes over autarky. As these gains increase still further, the principal increasingly specializes in administration and in the limit there is a complete division of labor. At the same time, the nature of the employment contract is transformed from one based on solidarity to one based on incentives. We therefore formalize aspects of the thought of Smith and Marx, who held that a division of labor leads to exchange and a deterioration in social relations.
Keywords: alienation, cooperation, division of labor, incentives, Marxism, reciprocity, and solidarity
JEL Classifications: B12, B14, D86, L23, M52
Algo me diz que este artigo será criticado em diversos aspectos técnicos. Mas o bom mesmo é ver insights de pensadores clássicos trabalhados da maneira correta, i.e., na linguagem atual da Ciência Econômica.