Today, there are more than 4,000 gaushalas – a haven for sick, abused, or abandoned cattle – throughout the country. Federal law has long recognized the need to support the animals that Hindu scriptures refer to as the “most efficacious cleansers of all.” But now, as rural lands vanish, cities burgeon, and quality of life indicators spike for millions of people across the subcontinent, the fate of India’s cows has become uncertain.
Mas….por que preservá-las?
There are also practical reasons to value cows, he added. They have long provided people with labor as well as many daily necessities: milk, curd, and butter for nutrition, and dung and urine for fuel and fertilizer. Because they generated so much from eating only grass, cows became valuable economic commodities.
They remain so today. In 2001, India’s cows produced an estimated 93 tons of milk, more than any other country in the world and about three times as much as US dairies reported, according to New Delhi’s Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying, and Fisheries.
E por que as ONGs deveriam se preocupar?
Whether farmers keep it for their families or sell it at market prices, dairy is important to a country where more than two-thirds of the population still dwells in rural areas. That’s why Indian animal rights groups are advocating veganism. Only when humans stop relying on the commodities cows produce, say activists like Mr. Bafna and Ms. Sawhney, will there be an incentive to control the population.
Em resumo: mais vacas, menos pessoas. O próximo passo é pedir para mudarem o PIB per capita para PIB per vaca.
Bovinamente, digo, lentamente, a urbanização muda as prioridades. Schumpeter diria algo como: mudou, dançou. Nestas horas, o custo de oportunidade de alguns sobe muito e o perigo é que os burocratas se aliem com pregadores do atraso.
Difícil decisão. Mas, como sempre dizem, nenhuma cultura é estática. Ela muda mesmo. Não tem jeito.