Um exemplo é este texto do prof. Salama, que usa os conceitos que North desenvolveu nos últimos anos de sua vida (com seus co-autores, notadamente Weingast, Wallis e Summerhill) para entender os problemas da complexa relação entre economia e instituições. Cito um breve trecho:
In a country with a “limited access” social order, the political system manipulates the economic system so that elites can rent-seek and block access by non-elites to economic opportunity. In such countries, appearances can be deceiving. Formally speaking, there may be a tripartite distribution of power, professional state bureaucracies, and elections by private ballot. The restrictions to access, however, are largely informal, and arise because the dominant structure in society is personal interaction rather than impersonal laws. In these settings, stability is achieved through the collaboration and exchange of favours among the political elite and the economic plutocracy. Corruption small and large, both inside and outside bureaucracy, is pervasive. When everyone has an implicit glass ceiling, cooperation is better than competition.
Termine de ler por lá. Ótima dica do prof. Marcos Fernandes.