Colonial Institutions, Commodity Booms, and the Diffusion of Elementary Education in Brazil, 1889-1930
Aldo Musacchio, Andre Martinez, and Martina Viarengo
NBER Working Paper No. 20029
JEL No. H40,N46
We explain how the decentralization of fiscal responsibility among Brazilian states between 1889 and 1930 promoted a unequal expansion in public schooling. We document how the variation in state export tax revenues, product of commodity booms, explains increases in expenditures on education, literacy, and schools per children. Yet we also find that such improvements did not take place in states that either had more slaves before abolition or cultivated cotton during colonial times. Beyond path dependence, ours story emphasizes the interaction between colonial institutions and subsequent fiscal changes to explain radical changes in the ranking of states which persists until today.
Enquanto o governo brasileiro luta contra a realidade, nem que tenha que, para isto, queimar a reputação de seus IBGE e IPEA, pesquisadores encontram em países civilizados ambiente para pesquisas…sobre o Brasil.
Preciso dizer que o texto é promissor?