Our results support the notion that social norms are deeply rooted in long-standing cultures, yet are nonetheless subject to adaptation when there are major changes in the surrounding circumstances and environment.
- The effect of source country social trust is strongly significant, with a size about one-third as large as that from trust levels in the destination countries where the migrant now lives.
- Migrants from low-trust environments are especially affected by the low trust in their country of origin even after migration, while migrants from high-trust environments are less likely to import the high trust of their country of origin to their current country of residence.
- Holding constant the effects of imported trust, immigrants and the native-born have similar levels of social trust.
- The footprint effects for generosity are similar as those for social trust, but smaller.
To help confirm that the footprint effects for social norms represent more than just the time it takes to learn about new surroundings, we undertake similar tests for trust in national institutions, where we would not expect to see footprint effects. In contrast to our social trust and generosity results, and consistent with our expectations, we find no footprint effects for opinions about domestic institutions in the new country.
Então, sim, pode ser que aquela diferença que você intui haver em certas comunidades de descendentes de imigrantes seja, de fato, algo relevante para nossa compreensão dos processos econômicos. Pode ser que sim, pode ser que não. No mínimo, a bibliografia do artigo vale a consulta para os interessados em debater temas de fronteira como este.