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Entrevista com Fabio Barbieri

Diogo Costa entrevista Fabio Barbieri. Se você quer ser um economista austríaco acadêmico, preste atenção no que ele diz. Sou menos empolgado do que ele com a economia austríaca, mas concordo com ele, principalmente, com as barreiras que ele aponta nos “cursos” de história do pensamento econômico existentes no Brasil.

De qualquer forma, Barbieri é, talvez, o único economista austríaco atuante na academia brasileira (ou outro, o Zanella, hoje trabalha fora do Brasil).

Anúncios
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Por que superstições persistem?

Does Fortune Favor Dragons?

John Nye, Noel D. Johnson

July 2, 2009

Why do seemingly irrational superstitions persist? This paper analyzes the widely held belief among Asians that children born in the Year of the Dragon are superior. It uses pooled cross section data from the U.S. Current Population Survey to show that Asian immigrants to the United States born in the 1976 year of the Dragon are more educated than comparable immigrants from non-Dragon years. In contrast, no such educational effect is noticeable for Dragon-year children in the general U.S. population. This paper also provides evidence that Asian mothers of Dragon year babies are more educated, richer, and slightly older than Asian mothers of non-Dragon year children. This suggests that belief in the greater superiority of Dragon-year children is self-fulfilling since the demographic characteristics associated with parents who are more able to adjust their birthing strategies to have Dragon children are also correlated with greater investment in their human capital.

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Índia…ainda subdesenvolvido?

Quantifying Economic Reforms in India: Where Have We Been and What Lies Ahead, 1960 – 2006

Vadlamannati, Krishna Chaitanya (2009): Quantifying Economic Reforms in India: Where Have We Been and What Lies Ahead, 1960 – 2006. Unpublished.

Abstract

We attempt to quantify economic reforms process in India during the period 1960 – 2006 in seven key areas viz., international finance, domestic finance, fiscal, trade and commerce, business regulations, public sector and social sector. Apart from aggregate measure of economic reforms, we also present the reforms index in these seven areas for the period 1960 – 2006. We begin with the methodology adopted to construct these indices and review the history of reforms process in India in general and in seven sectors from 1960 to 2006. We then present some important stylized facts on reforms. They show that reforms process has not always been uniform across the time in all the seven sectors. Reasonably liberal country was reversed back to regulations and restrictions during the mid-1960s – early 1980s. Though reforms process began in the 1980s they were not sufficient to undo the distorting policies adopted for over four decades. Amidst political chaos, economic crisis and social tensions, India began its true journey of reforming its economy. The period after 1990 witnessed a very significant opening of the economy to the world market. The change in reforms indices were the highest during the period 1991 – 2000. By the mid-2000, there was a widespread agreement and policy convergence in all seven sectors. However, there is much less convergence in public sector reforms because the privatization process has significantly slowed down and government control is many public sector undertakings are still reasonably high. Lastly, though there is significant variation in social sector reforms index, still there is a lot which needs to be done to include bottom sections of the society into the growth story of India.