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O problema do plágio

Trecho:

It’s strange to think of the Net as limiting, especially when it comes to knowledge, but the fact is that many students have forgotten or never learned how to make use of “real world” sources. In my own experience of teaching college students, I had numerous classes where most of the students were actually unable to locate books on the shelf, much less grasp the concept that journal articles which were not in databases might still contain useful information. Even the idea of digging through databases was foreign; if it couldn’t be found through Google, the thinking went, it’s not worth finding.

The predictable result was that a fair chunk of students in each class turned in papers using nothing but freely-available Internet sources, even when some scholarly sources were required. They had come to think of the Internet as so all-encompassing that it was hard to imagine the need for anything more. Also, going to the library required more work.

And so began the plagiarism. Students who were poor writers, students who were running behind, and students who were simply lazy copied sections of various websites directly into their papers. Their creative thinking had apparently been so circumscribed that they did not even bother to plagiarize from books or journal articles, both of which would have been far more difficult to detect.

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A irracionalidade importa?

Há duas visões sobre a irracionalidade: uma, divulgado pela imprensa, errada. Outra, menos conhecida do público leigo, correta. É sobre esta que Posner faz uma crítica interessante. O pano de fundo: o novo livro de Shiller e Akerlof que tenta unir Keynes e a economia comportamental.

Como sabemos, a grande maioria dos pseudo-economistas pterodoxos já rejeita Shiller e Akerlof porque, afinal, eles falam de microfundamentos. Acredite ou não, leitor, há gente que não entendeu ainda a importância dos microfundamentos. Geralmente repete algumas boas críticas que leu de forma bem superficial e, portanto, não entendeu. 

Shiller, Akerlof e Posner, estes sim, vale a pena ler. A crítica de Posner é bem escrita e vale a leitura.

p.s. Finanças Comportamentais? Sim, isto existe. Mas, no mínimo, você tem que saber uma covariância, uma correlação….etc. Fora disto, como eu disse, é ignorância.