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História Econômica Séria: O Padrão-Ouro

Eis um artigo muito interessante. Seu resumo:

Why did Countries Adopt the Gold Standard? Lessons from Japan
By: Kris James Mitchener (Santa Clara University, UCLA and NBER)
Masato Shizume (Research Institute for Economics and Business Administration, Kobe University)
Marc D. Weidenmier (Claremont McKenna College and NBER)
URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:kob:dpaper:228&r=his
Why did policymakers adopt the gold standard? Although previous research has identified ex post effects of gold standard adoption on trade and bond yields, few studies have sought to understand whether these were the actual outcomes of interest to policymakers at the time of adoption. We examine Japan’s adoption of the gold standard in 1897 to understand both the ex ante motives policymakers gave for wanting to go onto the gold standard and the ex post effects of gold standard adoption. By focusing on multiple outcome variables that were of interest to contemporaries, we are able to shed light on the political economy of the adoption of fixed exchange rates. In contrast to previous studies examining bond yields, we find little evidence that joining the gold standard reduced Japan’s country risk or that it resulted in a domestic investment boom. On the other hand, we find that membership in the gold standard increased bilateral trade flows. The boost in trade appears to have been largest between Japan and its trading partners on the silver standard, suggesting that the depreciation of gold against silver from 1897-1914 increased the competitiveness of Japanese exports.

Sim, sim, tem um teste econométrico simples.