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Um pouco sobre Kornai

Conheci Kornai, digo, sua obra, no mestrado. E eis que agora sei mais sobre ele.

Outside Hungary and the precincts of professional economists, János Kornai is not a household name. “By Force of Thought,” Mr. Kornai’s memoir, may not make him one overnight, but it is a thoughtful account of an extraordinary life and a portrait of a certain kind of intellectual dissent too little written about from personal experience.

Mr. Kornai was born in 1928 and raised in Budapest in a prosperous, assimilated Jewish family. His life changed abruptly with the outbreak of World War II. His father, a lawyer, had once represented German business interests in Hungary; he would be arrested and eventually deported to Auschwitz, where he perished. One older brother was drafted into a Hungarian labor battalion and died on the Eastern Front. Mr. Kornai himself managed to obtain a kind of passport, which the Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg was distributing to Jews; armed with this document, he was spared deportation and survived the war.

The traumas he experienced and the need to resist fascism led him to sympathize with the Communist Party and to join it a few months after the war’s end. For a time, he was a sincere believer not only in the Hungarian dictator, Mátyás Rákosi, but in Stalin as well; the young Mr. Kornai carried a “blind, unconditional faith” in the Soviet Union in spite of the brutalities he had witnessed by liberating Red Army troops.

Leia mais sobre a história do criador do conceito de “restrição orçamentária rígida” aqui.

Uma nota pessoal: depois disto, é de rir quando alguém da ala não-liberal do Brasil (95% do país) diz que “restrição orçamentária rígida” é coisa do neoliberalismo neocolonialista do Consenso de Washington. É uma estupidez. Não tem outro nome para tal sandice.

Claudio

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Para aqueles, como eu e Shikida, que gostam de pensar sobre a produção dos economistas

Academic Journals as Two-Sided Platforms: Empirical Evidence from Data on French Libraries

Pierre Dubois, Adriana Hernandez-Perez, Marc Ivaldi

Abstract
This paper analyzes the demand and cost structure of the French market of academic journals, taking into account its intermediary role between researchers, who are both producers and consumers of knowledge. This two sidedness feature will echoes similar problems already observed in electronic markets – payment card systems, video game console etc – such as the chicken and egg problem, where readers won’t buy a journal if they do not expect its articles to be academically relevant and researchers, that live under the mantra “Publish or Perish”, will not submit to a journal with either limited public reach or weak reputation. After the merging of several databases, we estimate the aggregated nested logit demand system combined simultaneously with a cost function. We identify the structural parameters of this market and find that price elasticities of demand are quite large and margins relatively low, indicating that this industry experiences competitive constraints.

Ari

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Bem público

Ao pensar nos meus leitores estudantes de economia de faculdades que nem sempre possuem bons recursos em termos de dados, resolvi criar uma área, na barra lateral, para bases de dados online e gratuitas.

Posso ser bem-intencionado, mas não sou perfeito. Assim, quem tiver conhecimento de outras bases gratuitas que não estejam lá, por favor, envie-me uma mensagem ou use o espaço de comentários.

Ah, sim, note que o Ministério do Desenvolvimento tem, agora, uma tal balança comercial em nível municipal. Vejamos no que dá.

Claudio

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